the author of «yanabi-ul-muwadda» on page 493 narrates from «manaqeb» of khawrazmi who in turn narrates from jafar-ibn-muhammad masroor who narrates from hussein-ibn-muhammad aamer who narrates from his uncle abdullah-ibn-aamer who narrates from muhammad-ibn-abu omair who narrates from abu jumaila mufazzal-ibn-saleh who narrates from jaber-ibn-yazid who narrates from jaber-ibn-abdullah ansari who said: 'the messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said:- 'Mahdi is my son. his name as well as his agnomen shall be the same as mine. amongst all the people, he shall resemble me the most in creation and morals.(56)
in the afore-mentioned book, the same tradition of the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) has been narrated from abu baseer who has narrated from hazrat sadiq jafer-ibn-muhammad who in turn has narrated from his father amir-ul-mumineen (a.s.).
the author of «al-fotouhat-al-makkiyah» in the 366th chapter writes about the characteristics of Mahdi as such:- 'he is similar to the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) in creation. however in morals, he is similar to the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) to a lesser degree because none can be like hazrat in morals as Allah says:
the author says: 'two persons being alike from any viewpoint (whether creation or morals) is impossible habitually. however such remarks show the nearness of one (amongst them) to the other just as the same meaning can be derived from the first tradition which says: amongst all the people, he resembles the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) the most. that is to say, if at all the creation and morals of the people is to be compared with the creation and morals of the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) then amongst all, Mahdi (a.s.) is the one who resembles the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) the most and he is the one who is nearest to him. this matter is not incompatible with the matter of the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) being (majestic in creation) and the fact that no (character) is similar to his '--'.
«Mahdi and his disposition»
abu dawoud narrates on page 88 of his «sahih» a tradition from umm-salma, the wife of the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) and she from the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.) while speaking about Mahdi and his allegiance between 'rukn' and 'maqam' he said: 'the people shall act according to the manners of their prophet and islam will be established and its precepts will expand all over the earth.'
the author of «yanabi-ul-muwadda» narrates (on page 437) from ali-ibn-abi talib, amir-ul- mumineen (a.s.) who said about Mahdi's characteristics as such:- at the time when they (i.e. the people) shall suit the guidance to follow the desires, Mahdi shall alter the desires to follow the guidance. at the time when they shall interpret quran to follow their (own) prudence, Mahdi shall realign (their) prudence to follow the quran. Mahdi shall demonstrate to you the justice. Mahdi shall enliven the commandments of the quran and the sunnah which was until then, dead and lifeless.
on page 98 of «sawa'eq», ibn-hajar says: ibn-hemad narrates one tradition which its chain of transmission culminates in the holy prophet (s.a.w.a.). hazrat says: 'Mahdi is from my race. he shall fight for my 'sunnah' just as i fought for the revelation of Allah'.(57)
the author of «yanabi-ul-muwadda» narrates on page 445 from hamuani who narrates from ibn-abbass as such: 'the messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said:- 'verily Allah resolved this religion by the hands of ali. then, when he is killed, the religion shall deteriorate until Mahdi comes and rectifies it.'
the author says: traditions about Mahdi that he shall fill the earth with equity and justice after it has been filled with cruelty and oppression come to the level of 'mustafiza'. Allah-willing, you shall soon come across these and other traditions.(58)